HMS Cardiff

Vessel name on Arrival: HMS Cardiff

HMS Cardiff in 1943 HMS Cardiff leading the German high seas fleet into captivity cardiff

Original Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan, Glasgow

Original Yard No: 526

Official Number: 105993

Vessel Type: cruiser

GRT: 4190

Year Built: 1917

Arrival Date: 18/03/1946

Breakup Started: 25/03/1946

Date First Beached: 22/03/1946

Date Breakup Completed: 30/06/1947

Draught For’d: 13' 0"

Draught Aft: 16' 0"

Name Changes:

1916  :  Laid down as HMS Caprice

1917  :  Launched as HMS Cardiff

Other Information:

Light Cruiser in the 'Ceres' Class            Pennant  No. D-58               4,190 tons

April 1916     :  Ordered by the Admitalty under the Emergency Plan (WWI)

22-07-1916  :  Keel laid down

12-04-1917  :  Launched

25-06-1917  :  Completed

Complement :  327 men

Dimensions  :  Length – 450' 0"  x   Beam – 43' 7"   x    Draught – 14' 0"      (140.0 x 13.3 x 4.3 metres)

Propulsion  :  Twin-Screw driven by two Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines with 6 x Yarrow Boilers

Power / Speed :  40,000 SHP  /  29 knots

Armaments :  5 x 6" Guns + 2 x 3" Guns + 2 x 3-pounders + misc smaller calibre + 8 x 21" Torpedoes

03-09-1945  :  HMS Cardiff paid off and reduced to reserve status, laid up in the Gareloch and placed on the Disposal List

Sold to BISCO for demolition by the West of Scotland Shipbreaking Company Limited of Troon

 

The career of 1917-built HMS Cardiff :

1917

Commissioned for duty in the Grand Fleet with the 6th Light Cruiser Squadron, deployed in the North Sea and North-West Approaches based out of Scapa Flow.  Took part in action against German warships in Heligoland Bight then continued in deployment with the Squadron at Scapa Flow.

1918

Continued Squadron duties in the Grand Fleet and, in November, lead the surrendered German High Seas Fleet into Scapa Flow. In December, nominated for service in the Baltic in support of military operations against Bolshevik forces.

1919

Deployed with Squadron in Baltic and nominated for service as Flagship 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean, this commission to last for two years and six months.  Refits carried out in the years 1919 through 1927, both in Malta and back in the United Kingdom.  During her Mediterranean assignment she was involved in the pprotection of British interests during the unrest in Greece and Turkey.

1928

Mediterranean services continued in January and February.  March through May spent in refitting in UK. Returned to Mediterranean in June and resumed her Squadron previous deployment

1929

Continued her deployment until August when relieved by HMS Curacoa to enable long refit at Devonport, where she arrived in October.

1930

Under refit

1931

Post refit trials throughout January. February / March – nominated for service as Flagship of the 6th Cruiser Squadron on the African Station. Folloowing work-up in Home waters, set off for her new South African role in May, arriving at her base – Simonstown – in June.  Deployed for visits and exercises in the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean.

1932

South African deploymment continued.

1933

Continued her African Station deployment until nominated for transfer to the Reserve Fleet.  Sailed to UK in July for paying off and placement within the Reserve Fleet.  In service at Chatham for training and administration of other ships in Reserve.

1934

Deployment at Chatham as Flagship Reserve Fleet, for training duties.

1935

Deployment at Chatham continued.  Attended Silver Jubilee Review of the Fleet by HM King George V at Spithead in July.

1936

Deployment at Chatham continued

1937

Deployment at Chatam continued.  Attended the Coronation Review of the Fleet by HM King George VI at Spitherad in May.

1938

Deployed at Chatham as Flagship Reserve Fleet. Nominated for operational service with the 5th Cruiser Squadron, China Station later in the year.  Recommissioned in July and deployed in Home Waters to prepare for foreign service.  Arrived in late Autumn and deployed on China Station for visits and exercises.

1939

Continued on the China Station until May then returned to UK for refit at Devonport.  Attended Review of Reserve Fleet by HM King Geroge VI at Weymouth Bay in August then commenced preparations for war in view of the political situation.  Assigned to the 12th Cruiser Squadron and despatched to Scapa Flow for Northern Patrol duty to intercept German shipping attesting to return to Germany to enforce a blockade. From September until December, undertook a total of nine war patrols but withdrawn from Northern Patrols in mid-December as this class of Cruiser had been found unsuitable for service in the Atlantic, arriving at Devonport in late December for repairs to weather damage.

1940

Rejoined the Home Fleet for service with the 2nd Cruiser Squadron and deployed on Convoy Defence and Home Waters Patrol.  Later deployed in Nore Command area in support of the evacuation of British and Allied troops and civilians from French ports (Operation Cycle).  Following this, deployed at Sheerness for anti-invasion patrol in North Sea and English Channel.  In August, deployed in the Humber area from Scapa Flow to intercept enemy craft during invasion scare, then returned to patrol duties in the N. W. Approaches and North Sea.  In October, withdrawn from operational service, and prepared for service as a Gunnery Training Ship by H M Dockyard, Portsmouth.  Later in year, set course for the Clyde for gunnery training based at Greenock and carried out training in use of close-range A/A weapons in the Clyde area.

1941

Undergoing repairs in a Clyde shipyard during January/February,  then resumed gunnery training duties in Western Approaches Command.

1942

 Continued deployment in gunnery training duties throughout year.  Routine docking in a Clyde shipyard.

1943

Continued deployment in gunnery training duties throughout year.  Type 290 radar euipment installed to assist in early detection of enemy aircraft and shipping.  This equipment was later replaced by the more reliable centimetric Type 271

1944

Continued deployment in gunnery training duties throughout year.  Used for Air Ministry bombing trials and exercises during this year.

1945

Deployment for previous trials continued until May.  After VE Day, ceased deployment as a training ship and scheduled for despatch to a Clyde shipyard for refit, but this was cancelled when nominated for reduction to the Reserve Fleet.  Paid off in September and reduced to Reserve status, then laid up at the Gareloch in Scotland.